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Issue 11, 2009
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High precision determination of silver isotope ratios in commercial products by MC-ICP-MS

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Abstract

Silver isotope ratios in several fortified commercial products were determined by multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). Mass discrimination and instrument drift were corrected for by a combination of internal normalization with Pd and standard-sample-standard bracketing, without assuming identical mass bias for Pd and Ag. The certified value of 1.07638 for 107Ag/109Ag in NIST SRM 978a was used for mass bias correction of 106Pd/108Pd in two adjacent solutions of SRM 978a. Their average was then used for mass bias correction to calculate the mass bias corrected Ag isotope ratio in the sample. An approximately 2.5-fold improvement in precision of determination of δ107/109Ag was obtained with the use of the proposed technique compared to data obtained solely with a standard-sample-standard bracketing approach. Internal and external precisions (2SD) of ±0.05‰ (n = 10) and ±0.04‰ (n = 19) for δ107/109Ag were obtained, suitable for the detection of varying Ag isotope abundances in commercial products fortified with Ag. Amongst the commercial products examined, no significant differences were detected in Ag isotopic compositions among NIST 978a standard, Ag high purity metal (Johnson Matthey Plc), Ag Nanopowder (Sigma-Aldrich) and Silversoft socks. Significant differences in Ag isotope ratios were found among NIST SRM 978a standard, a colloidal Ag dietary supplement, decanethiol functionalized Ag nanoparticles and X-static socks. The X-static socks and decanethiol functionalized Ag nanoparticles have negative δ107/109Ag values of −0.08 ± 0.05‰ and −0.15 ± 0.02‰ (2SD, n = 4), respectively, and the colloidal Ag dietary supplement has +0.83 ± 0.06‰ (2SD, n = 4). These observations suggest that such data may provide a useful tool for fingerprinting sources of Ag in the environment.

Graphical abstract: High precision determination of silver isotope ratios in commercial products by MC-ICP-MS

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Jun 2009, accepted on 11 Aug 2009 and first published on 08 Sep 2009


Article type: Technical Note
DOI: 10.1039/B911554D
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2009,24, 1564-1569
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    High precision determination of silver isotope ratios in commercial products by MC-ICP-MS

    L. Yang, E. Dabek-Zlotorzynska and V. Celo, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2009, 24, 1564
    DOI: 10.1039/B911554D

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