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Issue 6, 2009
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Weak intermolecular interactions and molecular aggregation in isostructural dihaloperfluoroethanes,

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Abstract

A series of 1,2-dihalotetrafluoroethanes X(CF2)2X (X = Br, I) has been in-situ pressure crystallized in a diamond-anvil cell (DAC), their structures determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction and rationalized by weak intermolecular interactions. For isoelectronic and isostructural 1,2-dibromotetrafluoroethane (BrCF2CF2Br), 1,2-diiodotetrafluoroethane (ICF2CF2I) and 1-bromo-2-iodotetrafluoroethane (BrCF2CF2I), the crystals are monoclinic, space groupP21/n, with the midpoint of the C–C bond located at the centre of inversion. The freezing pressures of these compounds have been determined to be 0.80 GPa, 0.30(5) GPa and 0.10(5) GPa for BrCF2CF2Br, BrCF2CF2I and CF2ICF2I, respectively. In the structure of ICF2CF2I, the –CF2–CF2– moiety is orientationally disordered at 0.16 GPa, but it becomes ordered at 0.86 GPa; in the BrCF2CF2I crystal the Br and I atoms are substitutionally disordered; and the BrCF2CF2Br structure is completely ordered. The formation of isostructural crystals by these compounds and different types of molecular disorder can be rationalized by the intermolecular interactions at varied thermodynamical conditions. The phenomenon of “self-healing” has been observed, in which crystal defects, formed during initial crystallization in the DAC, repaired themselves during the annealing process, which greatly facilitates the formation of single crystals. Pressure considerably affects the crystal morphology of ICF2CF2I, where the elimination of –CF2–CF2– disorder coincides with the appearance of dendritic forms of the crystal phases.

Graphical abstract: Weak intermolecular interactions and molecular aggregation in isostructural dihaloperfluoroethanes,

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Nov 2008, accepted on 13 Jan 2009 and first published on 11 Feb 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B819942F
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2009,11, 1073-1080
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    Weak intermolecular interactions and molecular aggregation in isostructural dihaloperfluoroethanes,

    A. Olejniczak, A. Katrusiak and A. Vij, CrystEngComm, 2009, 11, 1073
    DOI: 10.1039/B819942F

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