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Issue 18, 2009
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A hybrid chip based on aerodynamics and electrostatics for the size-dependent classification of ultrafine and nano particles

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Abstract

Conventional virtual impactors experience a large pressure drop when they classify particles according to size, in particular ultrafine particles smaller than 100 nm in diameter. Therefore, most virtual impactors have been used to classify particles larger than 100 nm. Their cut-off diameters are also fixed by the geometry of their flow channels. In the proposed virtual impactor, particles smaller than 100 nm are accelerated by applying DC potentials to an integrated electrode pair. By the electrical acceleration, the large pressure drop could be significantly decreased and new cut-off diameters smaller than 100 nm could be successfully added. The geometric cut-off diameter (GCD) of the proposed virtual impactor was designed to be 1.0 µm. Performances including the GCD and wall loss were examined by classifying dioctyl sebacate of 100 to 600 nm in size and carbon particles of 0.6 to 10 µm in size. The GCD was measured to be 0.95 µm, and the wall loss was highest at 1.1 µm. To add new cut-off diameters, monodisperse NaCl particles ranging from 15 to 70 nm were classified using the proposed virtual impactor with applying a DC potential of 0.25 to 3.0 kV. In this range of the potential, the new cut-off diameters ranging from 15 to 35 nm was added.

Graphical abstract: A hybrid chip based on aerodynamics and electrostatics for the size-dependent classification of ultrafine and nano particles

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Feb 2009, accepted on 09 Jun 2009 and first published on 01 Jul 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B902211B
Citation: Lab Chip, 2009,9, 2722-2728
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    A hybrid chip based on aerodynamics and electrostatics for the size-dependent classification of ultrafine and nano particles

    Y. Kim, D. Park, J. Hwang and Y. Kim, Lab Chip, 2009, 9, 2722
    DOI: 10.1039/B902211B

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