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Issue 1, 1999
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The passage of gases through the liquid water/vapour interface: a simulation study

Abstract

We have used atomistic simulation to measure the free energy profiles for a number of molecules crossing the air/liquid water interface at room temperature. The principal molecules studied were CO2 and N2, both common molecules with quadrupole moments; in addition some results were obtained for CH3CN, an example of a dipolar molecule, and Ar which has no electrostatic interaction with water. Our aim is to establish these profiles in order to provide a foundation for understanding the kinetics of gas uptake across the vapour/liquid interface and to understand them in terms of local structure at the molecular level. We found that there is a free energy minimum corresponding to a surface-adsorbed site in each case and that for N2 and CO2 there is a free energy barrier to passage from the bulk solution to the surface-adsorbed site. We discuss these results in terms of the local structure and in relation to some theoretical models of gas uptake.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A805067H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 1999,1, 143-148
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    The passage of gases through the liquid water/vapour interface: a simulation study

    T. Somasundaram, R. M. Lynden-Bell and C. H. Patterson, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 1999, 1, 143
    DOI: 10.1039/A805067H

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