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Issue 24, 1998
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Kinetics of the R+Cl2 (R=CH2Cl, CHBrCl, CCl3 and CH3CCl2) reactions. An abinitio study of the transition states


The kinetics of the reactions of CH2Cl, CHBrCl, CCl3 and CH3CCl2 radicals with molecular chlorine were investigated in a heatable tubular reactor coupled to a photoionization mass spectrometer. The reactions were studied under pseudo-first-order conditions. The radicals were photogenerated at 248 nm. The pressure-independent rate constants determined were fitted to the following Kooij and Arrhenius expressions (units in cm3 molecule-1 s-1): k(CH2Cl)=7.56×10-17(T)1.45 exp(-350 J mol-1/RT), k(CHBrCl)=5.83×10-20(T)2.3 exp(-300 J mol-1/RT), k(CCl3)=(8.4±2.9)×10-13 exp[-(25±9) kJ mol-1/RT] and k(CH3CCl2)=1.10×10-26(T)4.3 exp(+15000 J mol-1/RT). The Arrhenius rate expression for the Cl+CCl4 reaction was determined to be k(Cl+CCl4)=(3.9±3.2)×10-13 exp[-(71±9) kJ mol-1/RT] using the kinetics measured and the thermochemistry of the CCl3 radical. Errors for the Kooij expressions were estimated to be 25% overall, and for the Arrhenius expressions they were calculated to be 1σ+Student's t values. The transition states of the measured R+Cl2 and four other similar reactions were localized and fully optimized at the MP2/6-31G(d,p) level of theory by abinitio methods. The energetics of the reactions were considered by determining thermochemical and activation parameters of the reactions. The reactivity differences of the radicals studied were explained by a free-energy correlation using an electronegativity difference scale.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A804223C
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1998,94, 3561-3567
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    Kinetics of the R+Cl2 (R=CH2Cl, CHBrCl, CCl3 and CH3CCl2) reactions. An abinitio study of the transition states

    J. A. Seetula, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans., 1998, 94, 3561
    DOI: 10.1039/A804223C

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