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Retraction: The feasibility of char and bio-oil production from pyrolysis of pit latrine sludge

Tom Bond*a, Queenie Tseb, Clementine L. Chambonc, Paul Fennellc, Geoff D. Fowlerb and Michael R. Templetonb
aDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK. E-mail: t.bond@surrey.ac.uk; Tel: +44 (0)1483684474
bDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
cDepartment of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK

Received 1st September 2017 , Accepted 1st September 2017

First published on 6th September 2017


Retraction of ‘The feasibility of char and bio-oil production from pyrolysis of pit latrine sludge’ by Tom Bond et al., Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2017, DOI: 10.1039/c7ew00132k.


We, the named authors, hereby wholly retract this Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology article.

 

After publication we found a mistake in the energy balance calculations, which originated from an honest error made during preparation of the paper. In particular, Fig. 1 and 2 and associated parts of the results were affected. It also impacted the conclusion relating to net energy recovery at a range of sludge water content values.

 

The authors would like to apologise for any inconvenience to readers.

 

Signed: Tom Bond, Queenie Tse, Clementine L. Chambon, Paul Fennell, Geoff D. Fowler and Michael R. Templeton, 1st September 2017.

 

Retraction endorsed by Sam Keltie, Executive Editor, Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology.


This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2017