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Recent progress in chiral inorganic nanostructures

Chirality plays an important role in the fields of chemistry, pharmacology, biology and medicine. Recently, chirality has also been envisaged to play an important role in nano-biotechnology. This review presents some recent years’ advances in the production and potential applications of various chiral nanostructured inorganic materials, including metallic (plasmonic), semiconducting, metal oxide and silica based chiral nanomaterials as well as chiral hybrid nanostructures. Chiral plasmonic nanostructures have deserved major attention due to their ability to enhance chiral signals and their consequent development as highly sensitive chiral plasmonic sensors. Also, significant advancements were made in the synthesis of chiral quantum dots (QDs) and development of their applications including sensing of various chiral organic drug molecules and catalysis of asymmetric aldol condensation reactions. The preparation of chiral metal oxide based nanomaterials such as chiral TiO2 nanofibres, chiral ZrO2 nanotubes and chiral mesoporous silica can lead to important applications in catalysts and separation of enantiomeric compounds. Finally, recently fabricated novel types of chiral hybrid nanostructures containing combinations of plasmonic and other nanomaterials in one system may find many potential applications ranging from chiral sensing to asymmetric catalysis.

Print publication date: 07 Jan 2016
Copyright year: 2016
Print ISBN: 978-1-84973-983-2
PDF eISBN: 978-1-78262-371-7
ePub eISBN: 978-1-78262-719-7
Citation: