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Issue 2, 2013
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Design of microstructure of zirconia foams from the emulsion template properties

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Abstract

In this work, we investigate the correlations between structural and rheological properties of emulsified aqueous sol and the porous microstructure of monolithic zirconia foams, manufactured by the integrative combination of the sol–gel and emulsification processes. Macroporous zirconia ceramics prepared using different amounts of decahydronaphthalene, as oil phase, are compared in terms of the emulsion microstructure and ceramic porosity. A combination of electrical conductivity, oil droplet diameter, and rheological measurements was used to highlight the key effect of the dynamic structural properties of the emulsion on the porosity of the ceramic zirconia foam. The minimization of drying shrinkage by appropriate sol–gel mineralization of the oil droplet wall enabled versatile and easy tuning of the ceramic foam microstructure, by fine adjustment of the emulsion characteristics. The foam with the highest porosity (90%) and the lowest bulk density (0.40 g cm−3) was prepared from emulsion with 80 wt% of decahydronaphthalene, which also showed a bicontinuous structure and elevated flow consistency.

Graphical abstract: Design of microstructure of zirconia foams from the emulsion template properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2012, accepted on 12 Oct 2012 and first published on 30 Oct 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2SM26842F
Citation: Soft Matter, 2013,9, 550-558
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    Design of microstructure of zirconia foams from the emulsion template properties

    M. A. Alves-Rosa, L. Martins, S. H. Pulcinelli and C. V. Santilli, Soft Matter, 2013, 9, 550
    DOI: 10.1039/C2SM26842F

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