Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 6, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

C-Linked 8-aryl guanine nucleobase adducts: biological outcomes and utility as fluorescent probes

Author affiliations

Abstract

Aryl radical species derived from enzymatic transformations of aromatic mutagens preferentially react at the 8-site of the guanine (G) nucleobase to afford carbon-linked 8arylG adducts. The resulting lesions possess altered biophysical and genetic coding properties compared to the precursor G nucleoside in B-form DNA. Unlike other adducts, these lesions also possess useful fluorescent properties, since direct attachment of the 8aryl ring extends the purine π-system to afford G mimics with red-shifted excitation maxima and emission that can be sensitive to the microenvironment of the 8arylG base within nucleic acid structures. In B-form DNA, 8arylG adducts are disruptive to duplex formation because they prefer to adopt the syn-conformation about the bond connecting the nucleobase to the deoxyribose backbone, which perturbs Watson–Crick (WC) H-bonding with the opposing cytosine (C). Thus, in a B-form duplex, the emissive properties of 8arylG adducts can be employed as a tool to provide insight into adduct conformation, which can be related to their biological outcomes. However, since Gs preferentially adopt the syn-conformation in left-handed Z-DNA and antiparallel G-quadruplex (GQ) structures, 8arylG lesions can be inserted into syn-G positions without disrupting H-bonding interactions. In fact, 8arylG lesions can serve as ideal fluorescent probes in an antiparallel GQ because their emission is sensitive to GQ folding. This perspective outlines recent developments in the biological implications of 8arylG formation together with their utility as fluorescent G analogs for use in DNA-based diagnostic systems.

Graphical abstract: C-Linked 8-aryl guanine nucleobase adducts: biological outcomes and utility as fluorescent probes

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jan 2016, accepted on 23 Feb 2016 and first published on 24 Feb 2016


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C6SC00053C
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2016,7, 3482-3493
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    C-Linked 8-aryl guanine nucleobase adducts: biological outcomes and utility as fluorescent probes

    R. A. Manderville and S. D. Wetmore, Chem. Sci., 2016, 7, 3482
    DOI: 10.1039/C6SC00053C

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements