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Issue 16, 2017, Issue in Progress
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Multiple Li+- and Mg2+-decorated PAHs: potential systems for reversible hydrogen storage

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Abstract

The hydrogen binding efficiency of multiple metal-ion-(Li+, Mg2+)-decorated small Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT). The CAM-B3LYP method and 6-311+G(d,p) basis set have been used for the systematic calculation of the interaction energy of the metal ion with the aromatic system (ΔE) and the average binding energy (ΔBE) of the hydrogen molecules to these metal-ion-decorated PAHs. Our results show that the aromatic ring current associated with a PAH can bind at most one pair of metal ions, with the metal ions ensconcing themselves with appreciable values of ΔE both on the same and opposite faces of a PAH with certain preferences. The ΔBE values associated with H2 binding on Li+-decorated systems are found to be almost similar for anthracene and phenanthrene, which are higher in comparison to naphthacene. The Mg2+-decorated counterparts, however, exhibit ΔBE values of around four to five times higher than the Li+-decorated ones. The nature of interaction between hydrogen molecules and metal ions is predicted by the topological analysis of the atoms in molecules formalism (AIM), employing an AIMAll program. The Natural Population Analysis (NPA) method is used for the evaluation of charge distribution between donor hydrogen molecules and acceptor metal ions. The value of charge transfer from H2 to metal ions (ΔECT) is evaluated employing Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) analysis. The charge transfer from the bonding orbital of the hydrogen molecule to the antibonding lone pair orbital of the metal ion is taken into account for stability of the complexes. All the complexes possess high gravimetric storage capacity, and are found to be maximum for Mg2+-decorated anthracene (9.6 wt% H2).

Graphical abstract: Multiple Li+- and Mg2+-decorated PAHs: potential systems for reversible hydrogen storage

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Oct 2016, accepted on 20 Jan 2017 and first published on 31 Jan 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA25746A
Citation: RSC Adv., 2017,7, 9521-9533
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Multiple Li+- and Mg2+-decorated PAHs: potential systems for reversible hydrogen storage

    A. Ghosh, T. Debnath, T. Ash and A. K. Das, RSC Adv., 2017, 7, 9521
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA25746A

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