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Issue 62, 2016, Issue in Progress
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Coupling catalytic hydrolysis and oxidation on metal-modified activated carbon for HCN removal

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Abstract

A method of coupling catalytic hydrolysis and oxidation for HCN removal by metal-modified activated carbon (denoted as AC-M) was studied using a dynamic method in a fixed bed reactor. The results showed that impregnation of metal oxides on the activated carbon significantly enhanced the removal capacity for HCN. Among the different types of metal-modified catalysts, AC-Cu exhibited the highest catalytic activity. The AC-Cu catalyst showed >96% conversion of HCN at 200–350 °C. The selectivity of N2 in the conversion of HCN reached 48.8% at 300 °C. Oxygen concentration, relative humidity and calcination temperature can greatly influence the catalytic activity. In particular, the reaction temperature was determined to be a crucial factor. The detailed characterization of the catalyst was performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), and temperature programmed desorption (TPD). The Cu 2p XPS spectra and XRD patterns indicated that CuO was formed as an active species for the catalytic removal of HCN. We concluded that AC-Cu could be used as a catalyst for the removal of HCN by coupling catalytic hydrolysis and oxidation.

Graphical abstract: Coupling catalytic hydrolysis and oxidation on metal-modified activated carbon for HCN removal

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Mar 2016, accepted on 26 May 2016 and first published on 27 May 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA06365A
Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 57108-57116
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    Coupling catalytic hydrolysis and oxidation on metal-modified activated carbon for HCN removal

    X. Wang, X. Jing, F. Wang, Y. Ma, J. Cheng, L. Wang, K. Xu, C. Cheng and P. Ning, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 57108
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA06365A

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