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Issue 6, 2011
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Photochromic properties of a water-soluble methyl carboxylic acid indolylfulgimide

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Abstract

Photochromic fulgides and fulgimides have been identified as promising materials for applications in optical memory media, optical switches, and sensors. For applications in humid environments or biological systems, hydrolytic stability is crucial. A new photochromic methyl carboxylic acid indolylfulgimide was synthesized to improve hydrolytic stability in aqueous solution. The UV-vis spectra, extinction coefficient, thermal stability, and photochemical stability of the fulgimide were characterized in 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7.4). The open and closed forms were both stable in buffer. At 37 °C after 500 h, the open forms of the fulgimide showed no degradation within experimental error (1–2%) by 1H NMR and 2.3% decomposition by UV-vis spectroscopy. The closed form degraded 22% and 11% after 500 h at 37 °C in buffer by UV-vis and 1H NMR data, respectively. In addition, the fulgimide cycled back and forth between the open and closed forms 80 times before degrading by 20% in buffer. The methyl group at the bridging position of the fulgimide significantly increased the thermal stability by overcoming the rapid hydrolysis of the trifluoromethyl group.

Graphical abstract: Photochromic properties of a water-soluble methyl carboxylic acid indolylfulgimide

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jan 2011, accepted on 15 Feb 2011 and first published on 07 Mar 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1PP05016H
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2011,10, 1023-1029
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    Photochromic properties of a water-soluble methyl carboxylic acid indolylfulgimide

    X. Chen, N. I. Islamova, R. V. Robles and W. J. Lees, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2011, 10, 1023
    DOI: 10.1039/C1PP05016H

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