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Issue 38, 2015
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Improved electrochemical performance of spinel LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 through MgF2 nano-coating

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Abstract

A spinel LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 (LMNO) cathode material synthesized by a sol–gel method is modified by MgF2 nano-coating via a wet coating strategy. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) showed that the MgF2 nano-coating layers do not physically change the bulk structure of the pristine material. Compared with the pristine compound, the MgF2-coated LMNO electrodes display enhanced cycling stabilities. Particularly, the 5 wt% MgF2-coated LMNO demonstrates the best reversibility, with a capacity retention of 89.9% after 100 cycles, much higher than that of the pristine material, 69.3%. The dQ/dV analysis and apparent Li+ diffusion coefficient calculation prove that the kinetic properties are enhanced after MgF2 surface modification, which partly explains the improved electrochemical performances. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) data confirm that the MgF2 coating layer helps in suppressing the fast growth of the solid electrolyte interface (SEI) film in repeated cycling, which effectively stabilizes the spinel structure. Additionally, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) tests show that the MgF2 nano-coating layer also helps in enhancing the thermal stability of the LMNO cathode.

Graphical abstract: Improved electrochemical performance of spinel LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 through MgF2 nano-coating

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 May 2015, accepted on 03 Jul 2015 and first published on 08 Jul 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5NR03564C
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Citation: Nanoscale, 2015,7, 15609-15617
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    Improved electrochemical performance of spinel LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 through MgF2 nano-coating

    Q. Wu, X. Zhang, S. Sun, N. Wan, D. Pan, Y. Bai, H. Zhu, Y. Hu and S. Dai, Nanoscale, 2015, 7, 15609
    DOI: 10.1039/C5NR03564C

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