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Issue 2, 2014
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Tailoring porosity in carbon materials for supercapacitor applications

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Abstract

Within the different available electrochemical energy storage systems, supercapacitors stand out due to their high power densities and ultra-long cycle life. Their key-components are the electrode materials where the charge accumulation takes place and therefore many different approaches for the synthesis of carbonaceous electrode structures with well-defined pore systems are available. This review focuses on different strategies for tailoring porous carbon materials from the micropore level, over mesopores to macropores and even external or inter-particular porosity. A wide range of materials such as activated carbons, templated carbons, carbide-derived carbons, carbon nanotubes, carbon aerogels, carbon onions, graphenes and carbon nanofibers are presented, always in relation to their pore structure and potential use in supercapacitor devices.

Graphical abstract: Tailoring porosity in carbon materials for supercapacitor applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Sep 2013, accepted on 04 Nov 2013 and first published on 04 Nov 2013


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C3MH00112A
Citation: Mater. Horiz., 2014,1, 157-168
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    Tailoring porosity in carbon materials for supercapacitor applications

    L. Borchardt, M. Oschatz and S. Kaskel, Mater. Horiz., 2014, 1, 157
    DOI: 10.1039/C3MH00112A

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