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Issue 3, 2017
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Automated 3D-printed unibody immunoarray for chemiluminescence detection of cancer biomarker proteins

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Abstract

A low cost three-dimensional (3D) printed clear plastic microfluidic device was fabricated for fast, low cost automated protein detection. The unibody device features three reagent reservoirs, an efficient 3D network for passive mixing, and an optically transparent detection chamber housing a glass capture antibody array for measuring chemiluminescence output with a CCD camera. Sandwich type assays were built onto the glass arrays using a multi-labeled detection antibody-polyHRP (HRP = horseradish peroxidase). Total assay time was ∼30 min in a complete automated assay employing a programmable syringe pump so that the protocol required minimal operator intervention. The device was used for multiplexed detection of prostate cancer biomarker proteins prostate specific antigen (PSA) and platelet factor 4 (PF-4). Detection limits of 0.5 pg mL−1 were achieved for these proteins in diluted serum with log dynamic ranges of four orders of magnitude. Good accuracy vs. ELISA was validated by analyzing human serum samples. This prototype device holds good promise for further development as a point-of-care cancer diagnostics tool.

Graphical abstract: Automated 3D-printed unibody immunoarray for chemiluminescence detection of cancer biomarker proteins

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Oct 2016, accepted on 22 Dec 2016 and first published on 03 Jan 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6LC01238H
Citation: Lab Chip, 2017,17, 484-489
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    Automated 3D-printed unibody immunoarray for chemiluminescence detection of cancer biomarker proteins

    C. K. Tang, A. Vaze and J. F. Rusling, Lab Chip, 2017, 17, 484
    DOI: 10.1039/C6LC01238H

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