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Issue 27, 2012
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Enhanced hydrogen generation by cocatalytic Ni and NiO nanoparticles loaded on graphene oxide sheets

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Abstract

Cocatalytic ultrafine Ni and NiO nanoparticles (2 to 3 nm diameter) were uniformly loaded on graphene oxide (GO) sheets using a simple chemical method. Water splitting activity from aqueous methanol solution under UV-Visible light illumination was enhanced, approximately 4-fold for NiO/GO and 7-fold for Ni/GO, compared to bare GO. The highest activity (shown by Ni/GO) is attributed to the minimal electron–hole recombination resulting from the easy transfer of photogenerated electrons from the GO photocatalyst to the Ni cocatalyst. The relatively lower activity of NiO/GO may be due to the less efficient electron trapping ability of the NiO surface. A mechanism for the hydrogen gas evolution is proposed. This work revealed that a cocatalyst loaded on high surface area GO sheets can significantly enhance the evolution of hydrogen from aqueous methanol solution. We believe that this study offers a route to green energy harvesting using readily available low cost materials in combination with simple, versatile and scalable techniques. It also encourages the utilization of new graphene based materials which are adaptable to a wide variety of applications in areas such as fuel cells, lithium ion batteries and sensors.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced hydrogen generation by cocatalytic Ni and NiO nanoparticles loaded on graphene oxide sheets

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jan 2012, accepted on 16 Apr 2012 and first published on 18 Apr 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2JM30474K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2012,22, 13849-13854
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    Enhanced hydrogen generation by cocatalytic Ni and NiO nanoparticles loaded on graphene oxide sheets

    A. K. Agegnehu, C. Pan, J. Rick, J. Lee, W. Su and B. Hwang, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 13849
    DOI: 10.1039/C2JM30474K

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