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Issue 43, 2011
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Water-dispersible magnetite-graphene-LDH composites for efficient arsenate removal

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Abstract

A composite material, containing magnetite particles, graphene and layered double hydroxides (LDHs) was fabricated through a simple two-step reaction. Graphene was used as the matrix for supporting magnetite particles and LDH nanoplates. The synthesized magnetite-graphene-LDH (MGL) composites were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopic (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, N2adsorption-desorption, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The MGL composites were applied to remove arsenate from aqueous solutions and could be easily separated by magnetic separation process. The results showed enhanced adsorption capacity of arsenate on the MGL as compared to that of pure Mg/Al LDHs. The surface area of MGL is greatly enhanced through the incorporation of magnetite particles and graphene, which provides more active sites for arsenate uptake. Moreover, LDHs were hybridized with mechanically and chemically stable graphene materials, providing an accessible diffusion pathway in the macropore domain, and therefore their adsorption capacity was enhanced. The fast and efficient adsorption of arsenate from solution to MGL suggests that the MGL composites are potential and suitable materials in the preconcentration of arsenate from large volumes of aqueous solutions in wastewater treatment.

Graphical abstract: Water-dispersible magnetite-graphene-LDH composites for efficient arsenate removal

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Jun 2011, accepted on 15 Aug 2011 and first published on 23 Sep 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM12678D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 17353-17359
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    Water-dispersible magnetite-graphene-LDH composites for efficient arsenate removal

    X. Wu, L. Wang, C. Chen, A. Xu and X. Wang, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 17353
    DOI: 10.1039/C1JM12678D

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