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Issue 30, 2010
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Solid-state reactive sintering mechanism for large-grained yttrium-doped barium zirconate proton conducting ceramics

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Abstract

A cost-effective solid-state reactive sintering (SSRS) method has recently been developed to synthesize high quality, fully dense, and large-grained yttrium-doped barium zirconate (BZY) ceramic pellets from the raw materials of BaCO3, ZrO2, Y2O3, and NiO, resulting in total proton conductivities as high as 3.3 × 10−2 S·cm−1at 600 °C under a wet argon atmosphere [J. Tong et al., Solid State Ionics, 2010, 181, 496]. In the present work, the mechanisms for the rapid formation of the cubic perovskite phase of BZY, pellet densification, and grain growth during SSRS synthesis are investigated in detail using a suite of experimental techniques. The pre-reaction addition of NiO to the precursor powders is confirmed to accelerate the formation of the cubic perovksite BZYphase. The rapid and full densification of NiO-modified pellets at relatively low temperature (1350 °C) is ascribed to the formation of the impure phase BaY2NiO5 and its subsequent role as a sintering aid. The dramatic further grain growth after densification is facilitated by the partial decomposition of the BaY2NiO5 (which is located primarily at grain boundaries) and its incorporation into the cubic perovskite structure of BZY.

Graphical abstract: Solid-state reactive sintering mechanism for large-grained yttrium-doped barium zirconate proton conducting ceramics

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Feb 2010, accepted on 11 May 2010, published on 16 Jun 2010 and first published online on 16 Jun 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0JM00381F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 6333-6341
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    Solid-state reactive sintering mechanism for large-grained yttrium-doped barium zirconate proton conducting ceramics

    J. Tong, D. Clark, L. Bernau, M. Sanders and R. O'Hayre, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 6333
    DOI: 10.1039/C0JM00381F

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