Jump to main content
Jump to site search
PLANNED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Scheduled maintenance upgrade on Thursday 4th of May 2017 from 8.00am to 9.00am (BST).

During this time our websites will be offline temporarily. If you have any questions please use the feedback button on this page. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.

Issue 21, 2010
Previous Article Next Article

Biaxial nematic phases

Author affiliations


An overview over the current state of research in the field of biaxial nematic liquid crystalline materials is given. After a short introduction, providing some general aspects and summarizing the classical approaches, the main part focuses on recent developments of new concepts for designing biaxial nematics. First, the major theoretical concepts are outlined, including the classification to different symmetries, the importance of cooperativity and cluster formation for the development of biaxial order and the conditions for the establishment of field induced and spontaneous biaxiality in nematic phases. These new concepts also require the re-evaluation of the tools used for the identification of phase biaxiality, which are discussed briefly. In the second part, recent progress in the design of potential biaxial nematic materials, especially focussing on bent-core molecules with nematic phases, is reported and, finally, comparisons with phase biaxiality as observed in smectic liquid crystals are made.

Graphical abstract: Biaxial nematic phases

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Publication details

The article was received on 25 Nov 2009, accepted on 15 Feb 2010 and first published on 14 Apr 2010

Article type: 20th Anniversary Article
DOI: 10.1039/B924810B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 4263-4294
  •   Request permissions

    Biaxial nematic phases

    C. Tschierske and D. J. Photinos, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 4263
    DOI: 10.1039/B924810B

Search articles by author