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Issue 5, 2012
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Solvatochromic parameters for solvents of interest in green chemistry

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Abstract

Solvatochromic data have been collected from the literature or newly measured for 83 molecular solvents, 18 switchable solvents, and 187 ionic liquids that have been cited in the green chemistry literature. The data include the normalized Reichardt's parameter (ENT), the Nile red λmax, and the Kamlet–Taft parameters (α, β, and π*). Disagreements within the literature about the properties of glycerol and poly(ethylene glycol) have been resolved with new data. The switching of a switchable-polarity solvent (also known as a reversible ionic liquid) by CO2 causes a significant increase in polarity/polarizability (π*) but no change in the basicity (β). A switchable-hydrophilicity solvent undergoes an even greater change in polarity because it merges with an aqueous phase upon exposure to CO2. Trends observed from the data of ionic liquids are presented, along with concerns about the best method for determining the Kamlet–Taft parameters.

Graphical abstract: Solvatochromic parameters for solvents of interest in green chemistry

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Dec 2011, accepted on 10 Feb 2012 and first published on 20 Mar 2012


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C2GC16670D
Citation: Green Chem., 2012,14, 1245-1259
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    Solvatochromic parameters for solvents of interest in green chemistry

    P. G. Jessop, D. A. Jessop, D. Fu and L. Phan, Green Chem., 2012, 14, 1245
    DOI: 10.1039/C2GC16670D

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