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Issue 4, 2011
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Tailor-made polyesters based on pentadecalactonevia enzymatic catalysis

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Abstract

Copolyesters of pentadecalactone (PDL) with γ-methacryloyl-ε-caprolactone (McrCL) and γ-benzoyl-ε-caprolactone (BenzCL) were successfully prepared by means of enzymatic copolymerization using Novozyme 435 as catalyst and were characterized by means of NMR, SEC and DSC analyses. With γ-acetyl-ε-caprolactone (AcetCL) and γ-acryloyl-ε-caprolactone (AcrCL) as comonomers for PDL enzymatic copolymerization failed. Under polymerization conditions AcetCL and AcrCL rearrange into the thermodynamically more stable butyrolactones. An enantiomeric excess of BenzCL, not of McrCL, was found in the corresponding copolymer (poly(PDL-co-BenzCL)). DSC results prove clearly that by introducing functional caprolactone units along the PPDL backbone, the crystallinity of PPDL decreases. PDL based copolymers with double bonds, epoxide and amide groups in the main chain were obtained via enzymatic copolymerization of PDL with Ambrettolide (Am), the corresponding epoxide (AmE) and 1-oxa-8-aza-cyclotetradecan-9,14-dione a 14-membered cyclic ester amide (cEA). The presence of these functional groups in the PPDL backbone allows tuning of the composition and consequently the properties of PPDL by lowering its crystallinity.

Graphical abstract: Tailor-made polyesters based on pentadecalactonevia enzymatic catalysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Apr 2010, accepted on 18 Jan 2011 and first published on 21 Feb 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1GC15044H
Citation: Green Chem., 2011,13, 889-899
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    Tailor-made polyesters based on pentadecalactonevia enzymatic catalysis

    C. Vaida, H. Keul and M. Moeller, Green Chem., 2011, 13, 889
    DOI: 10.1039/C1GC15044H

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