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Issue 4, 2011
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A critical assessment of the greenness and energy efficiency of microwave-assisted organic synthesis

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Abstract

The question “why should microwave chemistry be green?” is evaluated in the context of the twelve principles of green chemistry, with a focus on the 6th principle: design for energy efficiency. A significant number of publications on microwave-assisted organic transformations during the past 25 years describe this non-classical heating technology as being “green”, assuming that microwave dielectric heating is more energy efficient than classical conductive heat transfer methods. In this Perspective article, we critically assess the energy efficiency of microwave-assisted transformations in the context of scaling-up this technology to production quantities.

Graphical abstract: A critical assessment of the greenness and energy efficiency of microwave-assisted organic synthesis

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Nov 2010, accepted on 07 Jan 2011 and first published on 15 Feb 2011


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C0GC00823K
Citation: Green Chem., 2011,13, 794-806
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    A critical assessment of the greenness and energy efficiency of microwave-assisted organic synthesis

    J. D. Moseley and C. O. Kappe, Green Chem., 2011, 13, 794
    DOI: 10.1039/C0GC00823K

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