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Issue 4, 2012
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Optimization of photoelectrochemical water splitting performance on hierarchical TiO2 nanotube arrays

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Abstract

In this paper, we show that by varying the voltages during two-step anodization the morphology of the hierarchical top-layer/bottom-tube TiO2 (TiO2 NTs) can be finely tuned between nanoring/nanotube, nanopore/nanotube, and nanohole–nanocave/nanotube morphologies. This allows us to optimize the photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting performance on the hierarchical TiO2 NTs. The optimized photocurrent density and photoconversion efficiency in this study, occurring on the nanopore/nanotube TiO2 NTs, were 1.59 mA cm−2 at 1.23 V vs. RHE and 0.84% respectively, which are the highest values ever reported on pristine TiO2 materials under illumination of AM 1.5G. Our findings contribute to further improvement of the energy conversion efficiency of TiO2-based devices.

Graphical abstract: Optimization of photoelectrochemical water splitting performance on hierarchical TiO2 nanotube arrays

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Dec 2011, accepted on 09 Feb 2012 and first published on 10 Feb 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2EE03461A
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2012,5, 6506-6512
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Optimization of photoelectrochemical water splitting performance on hierarchical TiO2 nanotube arrays

    Z. Zhang and P. Wang, Energy Environ. Sci., 2012, 5, 6506
    DOI: 10.1039/C2EE03461A

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