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Issue 11, 2011
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Electrical and photophysical analyses on the impacts of arylamine electron donors in cyclopentadithiophene dye-sensitized solar cells

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Abstract

The electron donor of a D-π-A dye is known for its capability to tune both the electronic trait and packing mode of dye molecules chemisorbed on titania nanocrystals of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs), bringing on the opportunity to impact cell performance by modulating the physicochemical characteristics at the titania/dye/electrolyte interface. In this paper, we scrutinize the influences of arylamine electron donors on the optoelectronic features of thin-film DSCs employing a tris(1,10-phenanthroline)cobalt(II/III) redox electrolyte, by use of four cyclopentadithiophene dyes (C218, C244, C245 and C246) with the respective dihexyloxy-, diphenothiazinyl- or di-tert-butylphenyl-substituted triphenylamine and N-hexyl-carbazole electron donors. Amongst these electron donors, dihexyloxy-substituted triphenylamine is found to present the strongest electron-donating capacity, endowing the corresponding C218 dye with evidently red-shifted light absorption in comparison with the other three congeners. Transient absorption measurements show that all DSCs exhibit expeditious dye regeneration, guaranteeing efficient long-distance charge separation at the titania/dye/redox couple interface. Furthermore, it is worthwhile noting that the C218 dye prompts the highest open-circuit photovoltage amongst these chromophores, which is primarily attributed to the positive effect of slow cobalt(III) interception of titania electrons, highlighting the superiority of applying dihexyloxy-substituted triphenylamine as the electron donor for a cyclopentadithiophene dye.

Graphical abstract: Electrical and photophysical analyses on the impacts of arylamine electron donors in cyclopentadithiophene dye-sensitized solar cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Aug 2011, accepted on 08 Sep 2011 and first published on 06 Oct 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1EE02432A
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 4735-4742
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    Electrical and photophysical analyses on the impacts of arylamine electron donors in cyclopentadithiophene dye-sensitized solar cells

    M. Xu, D. Zhou, N. Cai, J. Liu, R. Li and P. Wang, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 4735
    DOI: 10.1039/C1EE02432A

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