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Issue 12, 2010
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High CO2 solubility in ionic liquids and a tetraalkylammonium-based poly(ionic liquid)

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Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) absorption in several imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs), pyridinium-based ionic liquids and a tetraalkylammonium-based poly(ionic liquid) (PIL), poly[(p-vinylbenzyl) trimethylammonium hexafluorophosphate] P[[VBTMA][PF6], was studied. The trend of CO2 solubility in all of the ILs increases dramatically with decreasing absorption temperature. Based on the same bis(triflamide) [Tf2N] anion, imidazolium, pyridinium and trihexyltetradecylphosphonium-based ionic liquids all show relatively similar CO2 solubilities, which were higher than for the [ES] anion. The highest CO2 absorption was found in a poly(ionic liquid) P[[VBTMA][PF6]], however, the monomer also showed higher CO2 capacity than the other ionic liquids. The poly(ionic liquid) is remarkable in that it can adsorb 77% of its body weight of CO2 with a selectivity over nitrogen of 70 : 1. The absorbed CO2 gas can be readily desorbed from ionic liquids and poly(ionic liquid) and the selectivity for CO2 over N2 was consistent over repeated cycles. The materials can be reused several times for consecutive sorption/desorption cycles, without loss of performance in a large-scale reactor and therefore represent serious candidates for use in commercial adsorbers.

Graphical abstract: High CO2 solubility in ionic liquids and a tetraalkylammonium-based poly(ionic liquid)

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jul 2010, accepted on 23 Sep 2010 and first published on 20 Oct 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0EE00293C
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2010,3, 1961-1972
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    High CO2 solubility in ionic liquids and a tetraalkylammonium-based poly(ionic liquid)

    S. Supasitmongkol and P. Styring, Energy Environ. Sci., 2010, 3, 1961
    DOI: 10.1039/C0EE00293C

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