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Issue 3, 2009
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Catalytic upgrading of tri-glycerides and fatty acids to transport biofuels

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Abstract

Fuels derived from the lipid fraction of biomass have recently received much attention for carbon neutral substitution of fossil fuels for transport use. In this article we review the current routes to catalytic upgrading of the biomass derived lipid fractions. The history and motivation for biofuels are discussed, including the link to current market trends amongst fuel prices. The sources of lipids and their chemical composition are considered. We review the current literature detailing the use of trans-esterification reactions (heterogeneous and homogeneous) which lead to oxygenated “Biodiesel”, and also decarboxylation, which leads to deoxygenated “Green Diesel”. Traditional methods are covered, as well as more recent novel research aiming to produce commercially viable fuels.

Graphical abstract: Catalytic upgrading of tri-glycerides and fatty acids to transport biofuels

  • This article is part of the themed collection: Biofuels
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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Aug 2008, accepted on 28 Oct 2008 and first published on 25 Nov 2008


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/B814123A
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2009,2, 262-271
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    Catalytic upgrading of tri-glycerides and fatty acids to transport biofuels

    B. Smith, H. C. Greenwell and A. Whiting, Energy Environ. Sci., 2009, 2, 262
    DOI: 10.1039/B814123A

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