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Issue 7, 2013
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Photocatalytic hydrodenitrogenation of aromatic cyanides on TiO2 loaded with Pd nanoparticles

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Abstract

Photocatalytic hydrodenitrogenation of aromatic cyanides has been carried out on TiO2 loaded with Pd nanoparticles (Pd–TiO2) in the presence of ethanol as a hydrogen source. Photoirradiation of Pd–TiO2 at λ > 300 nm in ethanol containing aromatic cyanides successfully produces the corresponding toluene derivatives and triethylamine with almost quantitative yields. Photoexcited Pd–TiO2 catalysts promote oxidation of ethanol and reduction of protons, producing acetaldehyde and hydrogen atoms on the surface of Pd particles (H–Pd species). Aromatic cyanides undergo hydrodenitrogenation via consecutive reactions involving hydrogenation by the H–Pd species and condensation with aldehydes. The catalytic activity strongly depends on the amount of Pd loaded. The catalyst containing 2 wt% Pd, with a relatively low Schottky barrier height at the Pd–TiO2 heterojunction and a large number of surface Pd atoms, exhibits the highest denitrogenation activity.

Graphical abstract: Photocatalytic hydrodenitrogenation of aromatic cyanides on TiO2 loaded with Pd nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Nov 2012, accepted on 28 Jan 2013 and first published on 29 Jan 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3CY20748J
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2013,3, 1718-1724
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    Photocatalytic hydrodenitrogenation of aromatic cyanides on TiO2 loaded with Pd nanoparticles

    Y. Sugano, K. Fujiwara, Y. Shiraishi, S. Ichikawa and T. Hirai, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2013, 3, 1718
    DOI: 10.1039/C3CY20748J

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