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Issue 7, 2016
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Growth behavior of gold nanoparticles synthesized in unsaturated fatty acids by vacuum evaporation methods

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Abstract

Physical vapor evaporation of metals on low vapor pressure liquids is a simple and clean method to synthesize nanoparticles and thin films, though only little work has been conducted so far. Here, gold nanoparticles were synthesized by vacuum evaporation (VE) methods in ricinoleic acid and oleic acid, two typical unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs). The two solvents formed black aggregates after deposition and then shrunk and finally disappeared with the progress of time. By transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images, nanoparticles in ricinoleic acids formed aggregates and then dispersed by time, while in oleic acid big aggregates were not observed in all timescales. From TEM images and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements, the mean size of the nanoparticles was about 4 nm in both ricinoleic and oleic acids. UV-Vis spectra were also taken as a function of time and the results were consistent with the growth behavior presumed by TEM images. Air exposure had an influence on the behavior of the sample triggering the nanoparticle formation in both solvents. From control experiments, we discovered that oxygen gas triggered the phenomenon and nanoparticles function as a catalyst for the oxidation of the UFAs. It stimulates the phenomenon and in ricinoleic acid, specifically, electrons are transferred from riconleic acid to the gold nanoparticles, enhancing the surface potential of the nanoparticles and the repulsive force between their electronic double layers.

Graphical abstract: Growth behavior of gold nanoparticles synthesized in unsaturated fatty acids by vacuum evaporation methods

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Nov 2015, accepted on 18 Jan 2016 and first published on 18 Jan 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP07323E
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Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016,18, 5464-5470
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    Growth behavior of gold nanoparticles synthesized in unsaturated fatty acids by vacuum evaporation methods

    A. Fujita, Y. Matsumoto, M. Takeuchi, H. Ryuto and G. H. Takaoka, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 5464
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP07323E

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