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Issue 35, 2014
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Challenges in modelling the reaction chemistry of interstellar dust

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Abstract

Studies aiming to understand the physicochemical properties of interstellar dust and the chemical reactions that occur on and in it have traditionally been the preserve of astronomical observation and experimental attempts to mimic astronomically relevant conditions in the laboratory. Increasingly, computational modelling in its various guises is establishing a complementary third pillar of support to this endeavour by providing detailed insights into the complexities of interstellar dust chemistry. Inherently, the basis of computational modelling is to be found in the details (e.g. atomic structure/composition, reaction barriers) that are difficult to probe accurately from observation and experiment. This bottom-up atom-based theoretical approach, often itself based on deeper quantum mechanical principles, although extremely powerful, also has limitations when systems become too large or complex. In this Perspective, after first providing a general background to the current state of observational-based knowledge, we introduce a number of computational modelling methods with reference to recent state-of-the-art studies, in order to highlight the capabilities of such approaches in this field. Specifically, we first outline the use of computational chemistry methods for dust nucleation, structure, and individual reactions on bare and icy dust surfaces. Later, we review kinetic modelling of networks of reactions relevant to dust chemistry and how to take into account quantum tunnelling effects in the low temperature reactions in the interstellar medium. Finally, we point to the future challenges that need to be overcome for computational modelling to provide even more detailed and encompassing perspectives on the nature and reaction chemistry of interstellar dust.

Graphical abstract: Challenges in modelling the reaction chemistry of interstellar dust

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Feb 2014, accepted on 30 May 2014 and first published on 02 Jun 2014


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00774C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014,16, 18623-18643
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    Challenges in modelling the reaction chemistry of interstellar dust

    S. T. Bromley, T. P. M. Goumans, E. Herbst, A. P. Jones and B. Slater, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 18623
    DOI: 10.1039/C4CP00774C

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