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Issue 22, 2012
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The effect of metal cations on the nature of the first electronic transition of liquid water as studied by attenuated total reflection far-ultraviolet spectroscopy

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Abstract

The first electronic transition (Ã[X with combining tilde]) of liquid water was studied from the perspective of the hydration of cations by analyzing the attenuated total reflection far-ultraviolet (ATR-FUV) spectra of the Group I, II, and XIII metal nitrate electrolyte solutions. The Ã[X with combining tilde] transition energies of 1 M electrolyte solutions are higher (Li+: 8.024 eV and Cs+: 8.013 eV) than that of pure water (8.010 eV) and linearly correlate with the Gibbs energies of hydration of the cations. The increases in the Ã[X with combining tilde] transition energies are mostly attributable to the hydrogen bond formation energies of water molecules in the ground state induced by the presence of the cations. The deviation from the linear relation was observed for the high charge density cations, H+, Li+, and Be2+, which reflects that the electronic energies in the excited states are also perturbed. Quantum chemical calculations show that the Ã[X with combining tilde] transition energies of the water–cation complexes depend on the hydration structures of the cations. The calculated Ã[X with combining tilde] transition energies of the water molecules hydrating high charge density cations spread more widely than those of the low charge density cations. The calculated transition energy spreads of the water–cation complexes directly correlate with the widths of the Ã[X with combining tilde] transition bands measured by ATR-FUV spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: The effect of metal cations on the nature of the first electronic transition of liquid water as studied by attenuated total reflection far-ultraviolet spectroscopy

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Feb 2012, accepted on 11 Apr 2012 and first published on 11 Apr 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40633K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 8097-8104
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    The effect of metal cations on the nature of the first electronic transition of liquid water as studied by attenuated total reflection far-ultraviolet spectroscopy

    T. Goto, A. Ikehata, Y. Morisawa, N. Higashi and Y. Ozaki, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 8097
    DOI: 10.1039/C2CP40633K

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