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Issue 3, 2012
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Solvent induced channel interference in the two-photon absorption process—a theoretical study with a generalized few-state-model in three dimensions

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Abstract

For the first time, we report the effect of interference between different optical channels on the two-photon absorption (TPA) process in three dimensions. We have employed response theory as well as a sum-over-states (SOS) approach involving few intermediate states to calculate the TPA parameters like transition probabilities (δTP) and TPA tensor elements. In order to use the limited SOS approach, we have derived a new formula for a generalized few-state-model (GFSM) in three dimensions. Due to the presence of additional terms related to the angle between different transition moment vectors, the channel interference associated with the TPA process in 3D is significantly different and much more complicated than that in 1D and 2D cases. The entire study has been carried out on the two simplest Reichardt's dyes, namely 2- and 4-(pyridinium-1-yl)-phenolate (ortho- and para-betain) in gas phase, THF, CH3CN and water solvents. We have meticulously inspected the effect of the additional angle related terms on the overall TPA transition probabilities of the two 3D isomeric molecules studied and found that the interfering terms involved in the δTP expression contribute both constructively and destructively as well to the overall δTP value. Moreover, the interfering term has a more conspicuous role in determining the net δTP associated with charge transfer transition in comparison to that of π–π* transition of the studied systems. Interestingly, our model calculations suggest that, for o- and p-betain, the quenching of destructive interference associated with a particular two-photon process can be done with high polarity solvents while the enhancement of constructive interference will be achieved in solvents having relatively small polarity. All the one- and two-photon parameters are evaluated using a range separated CAMB3LYP functional.

Graphical abstract: Solvent induced channel interference in the two-photon absorption process—a theoretical study with a generalized few-state-model in three dimensions

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Sep 2011, accepted on 04 Nov 2011 and first published on 30 Nov 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22849H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012,14, 1156-1165
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    Solvent induced channel interference in the two-photon absorption process—a theoretical study with a generalized few-state-model in three dimensions

    Md. M. Alam, M. Chattopadhyaya and S. Chakrabarti, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 1156
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP22849H

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