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Issue 36, 2010
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Torsion–rotation coupling and the determination of the torsional potential energy function of HSOH

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Abstract

Hindered torsional motion in a molecule such as HSOH leads to tunnelling splittings. Lying between the simpler limiting cases of strongly hindered torsion (the “we can simply neglect the tunnelling” limit) and that of free internal rotation (the “tunnelling pair of levels are just different vibrational states” limit) HSOH is particularly challenging due to strong and inherent torsion–rotation coupling. The low symmetry due to the different terminal moieties, SH and OH, further enriches the energy level pattern by allowing a systematic mixing within each quadruplet of torsion- and asymmetry-doubled levels. This mixing, which varies in a systematic manner with angular momentum quantum numbers, can reach 50% and is in addition to the mass-dependent and quasicyclic variation of the tunnelling splittings. We show that a carefully implemented reduced-dimension model, the Generalised SemiRigid Bender (GSRB), combined with a few modest ab initio calculations, is sufficient to account for the bulk of these physical effects. We also point out the reversal of energy pairing of torsional levels with increased energy. That is, at low torsional energy the lowest of the torsional level pair is the symmetric level while at high torsional energy it is the antisymmetric level which is the lowest. Finally, we present a purely empirical determination of the tunnelling splittings for K = 0, 1, 3, 4, and 5.

Graphical abstract: Torsion–rotation coupling and the determination of the torsional potential energy function of HSOH

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jan 2010, accepted on 22 Jun 2010 and first published on 29 Jul 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C001932A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 11133-11150
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    Torsion–rotation coupling and the determination of the torsional potential energy function of HSOH

    S. C. Ross, K. M. T. Yamada and F. Ito, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 11133
    DOI: 10.1039/C001932A

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