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Issue 8, 2003
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FTIR spectroscopic study of CO adsorption on Co–ZSM-5: Evidence of formation of Co+(CO)4 species

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Abstract

CO adsorption on Co–ZSM-5 results in formation of two kinds of Co2+–CO species characterized by bands at 2217 and 2207 cm−1, respectively. The species are highly resistant towards evacuation at ambient temperature. When CO adsorption is performed at low temperature, new kinds of weakly electrophilic Co2+ sites are evidenced by carbonyl bands at 2197 and 2190 cm−1. The bands detected at ambient temperature are negligibly reduced in intensity, suggesting initial stages of formation of geminal Co2+(CO)2 dicarbonyls (most probably absorbing at 2201 cm−1). Reduction of the sample in a CO atmosphere at temperatures of 423–673 K results in creation of a fraction of Co+ cations. The latter form, with CO, stable Co+(CO)2 dicarbonyl species (bands at 2113 and 2042 cm−1). Coadsorption of 12CO and 13CO allows detection of Co+(12CO)(12CO) (2097 and 2013 cm−1) and Co+(13CO)2 (2065 and 1997 cm−1) species. The dicarbonyls are thermally decomposed without formation of a measurable amount of corresponding monocarbonyls. In the presence of CO in the gas phase the Co+(CO)2 dicarbonyl species are converted into tricarbonyls (2137, 2089 and 2079 cm−1) which are characterized by a disordered C3v symmetry. As a result, a variety of mixed carbonyls are produced after 12CO–13CO coadsorption. Lowering of the temperature in the presence of CO results in coordination of a fourth CO molecule to some of the Co+ sites, the tetracarbonyls formed being characterized by a set of bands at 2130, 2105 and 2075 cm−1. The reasons for the high coordinative unsaturation of the Co+ cations in Co–ZSM-5 and the possible role of Co+ cations in the selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides are discussed.

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jan 2003, accepted on 25 Feb 2003 and first published on 05 Mar 2003


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B300844D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2003,5, 1695-1702
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    FTIR spectroscopic study of CO adsorption on Co–ZSM-5: Evidence of formation of Co+(CO)4 species

    K. Hadjiivanov, B. Tsyntsarski, Tz. Venkov, D. Klissurski, M. Daturi, J. Saussey and J.-C. Lavalley, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2003, 5, 1695
    DOI: 10.1039/B300844D

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