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Issue 5, 2012
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Ammonium sulfate regulation of morphology of Nd:Y2O3 precursor via urea precipitation method and its effect on the sintering properties of Nd:Y2O3 nanopowders

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Abstract

Ammonium sulfate has been widely used as a control agent in the preparation of yttrium-aluminium-garnet (YAG) transparent ceramics, however, research of its application in the preparation in transparent ceramic yttria has not been intensively studied. Neodymium–doped yttria (Nd:Y2O3) nanopowders with controlled morphology and size were synthesized via a urea precipitation method using ammonium sulfate as the additive. The effect of ammonium sulfate was intensively studied throughout the preparation process. Morphology of precursors was found to be evidently affected by the [(NH4)2SO4]/[Nd:Y2O3] ratio (measured by weight). Uniform spheres of Nd:Y2O3 precursor were obtained without the addition of ammonium sulfate. With increasing amounts of ammonium sulfate added, the scale of the Nd:Y2O3 precursors diminished which results in the aggregation of the Nd:Y2O3 precursor. Aggregates of coral like particles after precipitation and uniform well dispersed particles after calcinations were obtained as the dosage of ammonium sulfate reached 20 wt%. It was considered to be the optimum state for the preparation of highly sinterable Nd:Y2O3 nanopowders. Ammonium sulfate was proved to be a regulator that could mediate the nucleation and growth of the precursor as well as its decomposition behaviour. Results of this paper can contribute to the controllable synthesis of transparent ceramic yttria.

Graphical abstract: Ammonium sulfate regulation of morphology of Nd:Y2O3 precursor via urea precipitation method and its effect on the sintering properties of Nd:Y2O3 nanopowders

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Sep 2011, accepted on 12 Nov 2011 and first published on 06 Jan 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CE06230A
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2012,14, 1783-1789
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    Ammonium sulfate regulation of morphology of Nd:Y2O3 precursor via urea precipitation method and its effect on the sintering properties of Nd:Y2O3 nanopowders

    H. Qin, H. Liu, Y. Sang, Y. Lv, X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, T. Ohachi and J. Wang, CrystEngComm, 2012, 14, 1783
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CE06230A

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