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Issue 3, 2011
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A sensitive, non-damaging electrochemiluminescent aptasensor via a low potential approach at DNA-modified gold electrodes

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Abstract

Electrochemiluminescence (ECL)-based biosensors are often used in the field of DNA- and protein-assay. Although ruthenium complex-based ECL is sensitive, its high exciting potential may lead to oxidation damage to biomolecules. For the first time, a non-damaging, low potential ECL aptasensor was constructed for bioassay with lysozyme as a model. After a single-stranded anti-lysozyme aptamer was attached to a gold electrode, a double stranded (ds)-DNA formed with its complementary strand. Ru(phen)32+, as an ECL probe, was intercalated into the ds-DNA. The hybridization of lysozyme with its aptamer led to the dissociation of ds-DNA because of the high stability of the aptamer-lysozyme and therefore the Ru(phen)32+ intercalated into ds-DNA was released. A low potential ECL was observed at the ds-DNA-modified electrode because ds-DNA was able to preconcentrate tripropylamine (TPA) and acted as the acceptor of the protons released from protonated TPAH+. While the DNA sequence (anti-lysozyme aptamer) was used as the special recognition element for lysozyme, the formed ds-DNA also provided a micro-environment for low potential ECL. The low potential ECL aptasensor achieved the determination of lysozyme with a detection limit of 0.45 pM. The day-to-day precision (RSDs, n = 5) for the determination of lysozyme was lower than 5%, showing the reliability of the aptasensor. The regeneration of the aptasensor confirmed that the low potential for ECL could decrease oxidation damage to biomolecules. Further, the proposed method was successfully used to analyze diluted egg white sample directly. The protocol exhibited a promising platform for sensitive bioassay and could be further applied for the development of other low potential ECL sensing systems.

Graphical abstract: A sensitive, non-damaging electrochemiluminescent aptasensor via a low potential approach at DNA-modified gold electrodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Aug 2010, accepted on 14 Sep 2010, published on 11 Oct 2010 and first published online on 11 Oct 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0AN00607F
Citation: Analyst, 2011,136, 479-485
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    A sensitive, non-damaging electrochemiluminescent aptasensor via a low potential approach at DNA-modified gold electrodes

    D. Liu, Y. Xin, X. He and X. Yin, Analyst, 2011, 136, 479
    DOI: 10.1039/C0AN00607F

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