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Nanoparticle self-assembly: from interactions in suspension to polymer nanocomposites

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Abstract

Recent experimental results using in particular small-angle scattering to characterize the self-assembly of mainly hard spherical nanoparticles into higher ordered structures ranging from fractal aggregates to ordered assemblies are reviewed. The crucial control of interparticle interactions is discussed, from chemical surface-modification, or the action of additives like depletion agents, to the generation of directional patches and the use of external fields. It is shown how the properties of interparticle interactions have been used to allow inducing and possibly controlling aggregation, opening the road to the generation of colloidal molecules or potentially metamaterials. In the last part, studies of the microstructure of polymer nanocomposites as an application of volume-spanning and stress-carrying aggregates are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Nanoparticle self-assembly: from interactions in suspension to polymer nanocomposites

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Mar 2018, accepted on 01 Jun 2018 and first published on 04 Jun 2018


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00430G
Citation: Soft Matter, 2018, Advance Article
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    Nanoparticle self-assembly: from interactions in suspension to polymer nanocomposites

    A. Genix and J. Oberdisse, Soft Matter, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00430G

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