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Issue 5, 2018
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The effect of solvent relaxation time constants on free energy gap law for ultrafast charge recombination following photoinduced charge separation

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Abstract

To elucidate the regularities inherent in the kinetics of ultrafast charge recombination following photoinduced charge separation in donor–acceptor dyads in solutions, the simulations of the kinetics have been performed within the stochastic multichannel point-transition model. Increasing the solvent relaxation time scales has been shown to strongly vary the dependence of the charge recombination rate constant on the free energy gap. In slow relaxing solvents the non-equilibrium charge recombination occurring in parallel with solvent relaxation is very effective so that the charge recombination terminates at the non-equilibrium stage. This results in a crucial difference between the free energy gap laws for the ultrafast charge recombination and the thermal charge transfer. For the thermal reactions the well-known Marcus bell-shaped dependence of the rate constant on the free energy gap is realized while for the ultrafast charge recombination only a descending branch is predicted in the whole area of the free energy gap exceeding 0.2 eV. From the available experimental data on the population kinetics of the second and first excited states for a series of Zn–porphyrin–imide dyads in toluene and tetrahydrofuran solutions, an effective rate constant of the charge recombination into the first excited state has been calculated. The obtained rate constant being very high is nearly invariable in the area of the charge recombination free energy gap from 0.2 to 0.6 eV that supports the theoretical prediction.

Graphical abstract: The effect of solvent relaxation time constants on free energy gap law for ultrafast charge recombination following photoinduced charge separation

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Dec 2017, accepted on 03 Apr 2018 and first published on 04 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7PP00464H
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2018,17, 607-616
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    The effect of solvent relaxation time constants on free energy gap law for ultrafast charge recombination following photoinduced charge separation

    V. A. Mikhailova, R. E. Malykhin and A. I. Ivanov, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2018, 17, 607
    DOI: 10.1039/C7PP00464H

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