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Rhodium-catalyzed cyclization of acceptor-substituted biphenyl α-diazoketones: a study of the substitution effect on chemoselectivity

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Abstract

A range of biphenyl α-diazoketones containing various electron-withdrawing groups (EWG = COCH3, CN, CO2Et, COPh, SO2CH3, SO2Ph) on diazo carbon has been investigated for rhodium(II)-catalyzed intramolecular cyclization. Among which, the α-acetyl, carboxylate and cyano substituted substrates show markedly different selectivity between aromatic substitution and aromatic cycloaddition processes, affording phenanthrol and/or benz[α]azulenone products in varying ratios. The selectivity is mainly directed by α-substitutions, and is also possibly influenced by the substituents on the biphenyl ring. Moreover, high chemoselectivity for aromatic substitution over cycloaddition is observed for the α-benzoyl and sulfonyl substituted substrates. But in addition to phenanthrols, these reactions produce aromatic ketones and/or 1,2-diketones as unprecedented products obtained from diazo precursors. Mechanistic rationales are given in the report.

Graphical abstract: Rhodium-catalyzed cyclization of acceptor-substituted biphenyl α-diazoketones: a study of the substitution effect on chemoselectivity

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jun 2018, accepted on 03 Sep 2018 and first published on 04 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8OB01489B
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    Rhodium-catalyzed cyclization of acceptor-substituted biphenyl α-diazoketones: a study of the substitution effect on chemoselectivity

    K. Chen, Y. Chiang and J. Zhu, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8OB01489B

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