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Issue 23, 2018
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Platinum nanoparticles: an avenue for enhancing the release of nitric oxide from S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine and S-nitrosoglutathione

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Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) is an endogenous bioregulator with established roles in diverse fields. The difficulty in the modulation of NO release is still a significant obstacle to achieving successful clinical applications. We report herein our initial work using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy to detect NO generated from S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) donors catalyzed by platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs, 3 nm) under physiological conditions. With ESR spectroscopy coupled with spin trapping and spin labeling techniques, we identified that Pt NPs can significantly promote the generation of NO from SNAP and GSNO under physiological conditions. A classic NO colorimetric detection kit was also employed to verify that Pt NPs truly triggered the release of NO from its donors. Pt NPs can act as promising delivery vehicles for on-demand NO delivery based on time and dosage. These results, along with the detection of the resulting disulfide product, were confirmed with mass spectrometry. In addition, cellular experiments provided a convincing demonstration that the triggered release of NO from its donors by Pt NPs is efficient in killing human cancer cells in vitro. The catalytic mechanism was elucidated by X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS), which suggested that Pt–S bond formation occurs in the solution of Pt NPs and NO donors. Identification of Pt NPs capable of generating NO from S-nitrosothiols (RSNOs) is an important step in harnessing NO for investigations into its clinical applications and therapies.

Graphical abstract: Platinum nanoparticles: an avenue for enhancing the release of nitric oxide from S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine and S-nitrosoglutathione

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 May 2018, accepted on 01 Jun 2018 and first published on 04 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03874K
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 11176-11185
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    Platinum nanoparticles: an avenue for enhancing the release of nitric oxide from S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine and S-nitrosoglutathione

    G. Cao, C. M. Fisher, X. Jiang, Y. Chong, H. Zhang, H. Guo, Q. Zhang, J. Zheng, A. M. Knolhoff, T. R. Croley and J. Yin, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 11176
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03874K

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