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Radial multi-quantum well ZnO nanorod array for nanoscale ultraviolet light-emitting diode

Abstract

Since semiconducting ZnO has attractive properties such as wide bandgap and large exciton binding energy, it has been motivated to realize efficient ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Furthermore, facile growth of ZnO nanostructures has triggered numerous researches to examine them as nanoscale building blocks for optoelectronic devices. Here, we demonstrate the growth of ZnO-based core-shell p-n homojunction nanorod arrays with radial MgZnO/ZnO multiple quantum wells (MQWs) and report the characteristics of a core-shell ZnO nanorod LED. The shell layers of MgZnO/ZnO MQWs and p-type antimony-doped MgZnO were epitaxially grown on the surface of ZnO core nanorod arrays. By introducing the radial MQWs, the PL intensity was greatly increased by 4 times, compared to the bare ZnO nanorod array, suggesting that the core-shell MQWs can be used to realize the nanoscale ZnO LEDs with high internal quantum efficiency. As the injection current increased, the EL intensity of UV emission at 375 nm from the MgZnO/ZnO MQWs strongly increased without shifting of the emission peak because of the non-polar nature of MQWs grown on side walls of ZnO nanorods. These results highlight the potential of integrated nanoscale UV light emitter in various photonic devices.

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Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was accepted on 15 May 2018 and first published on 18 May 2018


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03711F
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Radial multi-quantum well ZnO nanorod array for nanoscale ultraviolet light-emitting diode

    J. Kang, B. Kim, H. Song, Y. Jo, S. Hong, G. Y. Jung, B. Kim, S. Park and C. Cho, Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03711F

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