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Improved structural design of single- and double-wall MnCo2O4 nanotube cathodes for long-life Li-O2 batteries

Abstract

Developing a cathode material with stable pore structure and efficiently bifunctional activity toward the oxygen electrochemistry is the key to achieve practical and high-performance Li-O2 batteries. Here, hierarchically porous MnCo2O4 nanotubes with single- or double-wall architecture are fabricated through a facile electrospinning technique, by adjusting the concentration of electrospinning solution. The electrochemical measurements indicate that both of types of nanotubes possess excellent catalytic capabilities toward oxygen reduction and evolution reactions in alkaline aqueous or non-aqueous media. When used as air-electrode catalysts for Li-O2 batteries, both single- and double-wall MnCo2O4 nanotubes show significantly improved electrochemical performance. Especially, the novel double-wall MnCo2O4 nanotubes (DW-MCO-NT), with a high surface area and a large pore volume almost twice as big as the single-wall, can offer numerous catalytically active sites as well as sufficient space to deposit discharge products. The DW-MCO-NT based Li-O2 batteries can deliver a maximum discharge capacity of 8100 mAh g-1, with a potential plateau at 2.77 V, and achieve an excellent cyclability over 278 cycles, under a strict condition of 1000 mAh g-1 at 400 mA g-1 within 2.6–4.3 V. Moreover, the XRD and SEM analyses show that the dominant discharge product with a particulate shape is crystal Li2O2 and is prone to be completely decomposed, endowing the MnCo2O4 nanotube-based Li-O2 battery with long-cycle life.

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2018, accepted on 12 Jun 2018 and first published on 13 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02795A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Improved structural design of single- and double-wall MnCo2O4 nanotube cathodes for long-life Li-O2 batteries

    H. Wu, W. Sun, J. Shen, C. Lu, Y. Wang, Z. Wang and K. Sun, Nanoscale, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02795A

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