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Issue 24, 2018
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Photocarrier dynamics in monolayer phosphorene and bulk black phosphorus

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Abstract

We report a combined theoretical and experimental study on photocarrier dynamics in monolayer phosphorene and bulk black phosphorus. Samples of monolayer phosphorene and bulk black phosphorus were fabricated by mechanical exfoliation, identified according to their reflective contrasts, and protected by covering them with hexagonal boron nitride layers. Photocarrier dynamics in these samples was studied by an ultrafast pump–probe technique. The photocarrier lifetime of monolayer phosphorene was found to be about 700 ps, which is about 9 times longer than that of bulk black phosphorus. This trend was reproduced in our calculations based on ab initio nonadiabatic molecular dynamics combined with time-domain density functional theory in the Kohn–Sham representation, and can be attributed to the smaller bandgap and stronger nonadiabatic coupling in bulk. The transient absorption response was also found to be dependent on the sample orientation with respect to the pump polarization, which is consistent with the previously reported anisotropic absorption of phosphorene. In addition, an oscillating component of the differential reflection signal at early probe delays was observed in the bulk sample and was attributed to the layer-breathing phonon mode with an energy of about 1 meV and a decay time of about 1.35 ps. These results provide valuable information for application of monolayer phosphorene in optoelectronics.

Graphical abstract: Photocarrier dynamics in monolayer phosphorene and bulk black phosphorus

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Mar 2018, accepted on 28 May 2018 and first published on 28 May 2018


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02540A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 11307-11313
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    Photocarrier dynamics in monolayer phosphorene and bulk black phosphorus

    P. Zereshki, Y. Wei, F. Ceballos, M. Z. Bellus, S. D. Lane, S. Pan, R. Long and H. Zhao, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 11307
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR02540A

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