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Issue 35, 2018
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Heat capacities and an updated thermodynamic model for the Li–Sn system

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Abstract

Phase-pure Li17Sn4 and Li7Sn3 intermetallic compounds were synthesized using defined heat treatment procedures in specially designed Ta crucibles. The products were characterized by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) and powder X-ray diffraction (powder-XRD) techniques to determine their composition and phase purity. The heat capacities of the synthesized compounds were measured via the step method in sealed Ta crucibles using a Setaram C80 Tian-Calvet calorimeter. The experimentally determined heat capacities were then used to develop restricted Maier–Kelley models for each phase and to incorporate these data into the re-optimization of an existing thermodynamic description of the Li–Sn system. The new models for the intermetallic and liquid phases result in improved agreement between the calculated and experimental heat capacity, thermodynamic, electrochemical and phase diagram data. Since the re-optimized Gibbs free energy expressions are based on reliable heat capacity data, the models can now be used to predict emf values in the Li–Sn system at a variety of operation temperatures and active material compositions.

Graphical abstract: Heat capacities and an updated thermodynamic model for the Li–Sn system

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jul 2018, accepted on 20 Aug 2018 and first published on 20 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04205E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 22856-22866
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    Heat capacities and an updated thermodynamic model for the Li–Sn system

    T. L. Reichmann, D. Li and D. M. Cupid, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 22856
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP04205E

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