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Issue 19, 2018
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Pressure-induced emission band separation of the hybridized local and charge transfer excited state in a TPE-based crystal

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Abstract

We herein report a newly synthesized simple molecule, named TPE[double bond, length as m-dash]C4, with twisted D–A structure. TPE[double bond, length as m-dash]C4 showed two intrinsic emission bands ascribed to the locally excited (LE) state and the intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) state, respectively. In the crystal state, the LE emission band is usually observed. However, by applying hydrostatic pressure to the powder sample and the single crystal sample of TPE[double bond, length as m-dash]C4, dual-fluorescence (445 nm and 532 nm) was emerged under high pressure, owing to the pressure-induced emission band separation of the hybridized local and charge transfer excited state (HLCT). It is found that the emission of TPE[double bond, length as m-dash]C4 is generally determined by the ratio of the LE state to the ICT state. The ICT emission band is much more sensitive to the external pressure than the LE emission band. The HLCT state leads to a sample with different responsiveness to grinding and hydrostatic pressure. This study is of significance in the molecular design of such D–A type molecules and in the control of photoluminescence features by molecular structure. Such results are expected to pave a new way to further understand the relationship between the D–A molecular structure and stimuli-responsive properties.

Graphical abstract: Pressure-induced emission band separation of the hybridized local and charge transfer excited state in a TPE-based crystal

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Apr 2018, accepted on 25 Apr 2018 and first published on 28 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02096E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 13249-13254
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    Pressure-induced emission band separation of the hybridized local and charge transfer excited state in a TPE-based crystal

    X. Liu, A. Li, W. Xu, Z. Ma and X. Jia, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 13249
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02096E

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