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Issue 19, 2018
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Solvent effects for vertical absorption and emission processes in solution using a self-consistent state specific method based on constrained equilibrium thermodynamics

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Abstract

A self-consistent state specific (SS) method in the framework of TDDFT is presented to account for solvent effects on absorption and emission processes for molecules in solution. In these processes, the initial state is an equilibrium state, while the polarization of the solvent is in nonequilibrium with the electron density of the solute in the final state. Nonequilibrium solvation free energy is calculated based on a novel nonequilibrium solvation model with constrained equilibrium manipulation. The bulk solvent effects are considered using the polarizable continuum method (PCM), where the solvent–solute interaction is described with a reaction field. Molecular orbitals and orbital energies in the presence of the reaction field corresponding to the excited state are employed and the response of the solvent is not included in the TDDFT calculations. A self-consistent procedure is designed to obtain the excited state reaction field. The equations based on this new nonequilibrium solvation model in the framework of the self-consistent SS-PCM/TDDFT method for calculation of vertical absorption and emission energies are presented and implemented in the Q-Chem package. Vertical absorption and emission energies for several small molecules in solution using the newly developed code are calculated and compared with available experimental data and the results of other theoretical studies. Solvent shifts of absorption and emission energies are reasonably reproduced with this approach. The new model is a promising approach to study nonequilibrium absorption and emission processes in solution.

Graphical abstract: Solvent effects for vertical absorption and emission processes in solution using a self-consistent state specific method based on constrained equilibrium thermodynamics

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Feb 2018, accepted on 23 Apr 2018 and first published on 23 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP00930A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 13178-13190
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    Solvent effects for vertical absorption and emission processes in solution using a self-consistent state specific method based on constrained equilibrium thermodynamics

    T. Bi, L. Xu, F. Wang and X. Li, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 13178
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP00930A

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