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The influence of the secondary building linker geometry on the photochromism of naphthalenediimide-based metal–organic frameworks

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Abstract

Three novel square grid metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) based on cadmium have been synthesized successfully by analogous solvothermal reactions where N,N′-di(4-pyridylacylamino)-1,4,5,8-naphthalenediimide (IsoNDI) as the predesigned ligand was reacted with three kinds of aromatic dicarboxylic acids as the secondary building linkers. The geometries of these secondary building linkers have an influence on the formation of photochromism-leading intermolecular interactions in the obtained crystal structures. Owing to the existence of an NH group in the adopted NDI-type ligand, N–H⋯O hydrogen bonds are observed between the IsoNDI ligands and neighbouring dicarboxyl groups in all the compounds. However, face-to-face π–π stacking interactions are only found in compound 1 and not in 2 and 3, for the naphthalene ring possessing a larger π-plane in 1 is more likely to form interactions with the π-conjugated planar IsoNDI ligand. Meanwhile, lone pair–π interactions appear in compounds 2 and 3 but not in 1 because their close packing patterns have a tendency to generate such interactions between adjacent IsoNDI ligands. Moreover, all three compounds exhibit interesting reversible photochromic behaviors in the presence of photoinduced electron transfers through the above intermolecular interactions. Besides, photo-controlled luminescence properties have also been investigated showing a competitive relationship with photochromic behaviors.

Graphical abstract: The influence of the secondary building linker geometry on the photochromism of naphthalenediimide-based metal–organic frameworks

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 May 2018, accepted on 12 Jul 2018 and first published on 18 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00892B
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article
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    The influence of the secondary building linker geometry on the photochromism of naphthalenediimide-based metal–organic frameworks

    C. Fu, H. Wang, G. Zhang, L. Li, Y. Sun, J. Fu and H. Zhang, CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00892B

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