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Well-dispersed (Y0.95−xGdxEu0.05)(B(OH)4)CO3 colloidal spheres as a novel precursor for orthoborate red phosphor and the effects of Gd3+ doping on structure and luminescence

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Abstract

One-micron-sized uniform red-phosphor spheres of an (Y,Gd)BO3 ternary system have been converted from their colloidal moydite precursor spheres facilely synthesized using modified homogenous precipitation. The moydite spheres, possessing the composition (Y0.95−xGdxEu0.05)(B(OH)4)CO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.50), are orthorhombic in structure. Gd3+ is more effective than Y3+ in raising nucleation density, leading to a decreased average size of the precursor particles with a higher addition of Gd3+. The lattice parameters, a and b, increase linearly with increasing Gd incorporation, while the c value shrinks with a higher Gd content. The moydite spheres completely decomposed into hexagonal orthoborate upon heating to 800 °C, while retaining the spherical shape and excellent dispersion of the original particles. However, they lost their spherical shape and underwent significant aggregation at a higher temperature. The lattice constant of (Y0.95−xGdxEu0.05)BO3 calcined at 800 °C follows Vegard's law and increases linearly with an increase in the value of x from 0 to 0.30. Upon excitation with 207 nm wavelength light, (Y0.95−xGdxEu0.05)BO3 spheres show typical Eu3+ emission, with the strongest emission at 610 and 627 nm (5D07F2 transition of Eu3+) and almost the same CIE chromaticity coordinates of (∼0.632, ∼0.373). The incorporation of Gd3+ resulted in enhanced luminescence intensity and shorter lifetimes (∼5.77–6.56 ms). The optimized doping concentration of Gd3+ is 15 at%. The uniform phosphor spheres obtained in this work are expected to have wide applications for the contemporary interest in high-resolution display technologies.

Graphical abstract: Well-dispersed (Y0.95−xGdxEu0.05)(B(OH)4)CO3 colloidal spheres as a novel precursor for orthoborate red phosphor and the effects of Gd3+ doping on structure and luminescence

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Apr 2018, accepted on 03 Jul 2018 and first published on 03 Jul 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00686E
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article
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    Well-dispersed (Y0.95−xGdxEu0.05)(B(OH)4)CO3 colloidal spheres as a novel precursor for orthoborate red phosphor and the effects of Gd3+ doping on structure and luminescence

    Q. Zhu, S. Wang, X. Li, X. Sun and J. Li, CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00686E

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