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Hydrothermal synthesis, morphology, structure, and magnetic properties of perovskite structure LaCr1−xMnxO3 (x = 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3)

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Abstract

We report the synthesis of LaCr1−xMnxO3 (x = 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3) single crystal microcubes via a mild hydrothermal method. The as-synthesized LaCr1−xMnxO3 samples were crystallized into the Pnma space group with uniform particle size and cubic morphology. The lattice parameters increased as the doping level of Mn increased from x = 0.1 to 0.3. XPS characterization of the samples showed that the valence states of Cr and Mn are both +3. A temperature-dependent magnetization study indicated a clear transition point of canted-antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic behaviour from 3–380 K, with their Neel transition points located between 246–265 K. The isothermal magnetic hysteresis of the LaCr1−xMnxO3 samples show that they possess the same coercive field strength but a linear increment of remnant magnetization with increasing Mn doping level. A temperature-dependent magnetic entropy change study indicated that the samples show a maximum ΔS of 0.4247 J kg−1 K−1 for LaCr0.7Mn0.3O3 at 40 K for ΔH = 6 T. Arrott plots of M2 versus H/M indicate a second-order magnetic phase transition for all of the as-synthesized LaCr1−xMnxO3 samples. All these results suggest that the promotion of magnetization was successfully performed by hydrothermally doping Mn in a LaCrO3 lattice. This study provides a design and synthesis strategy to increase the ferromagnetic exchange in weak magnetization materials.

Graphical abstract: Hydrothermal synthesis, morphology, structure, and magnetic properties of perovskite structure LaCr1−xMnxO3 (x = 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3)

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Mar 2018, accepted on 01 May 2018 and first published on 01 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00421H
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article
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    Hydrothermal synthesis, morphology, structure, and magnetic properties of perovskite structure LaCr1−xMnxO3 (x = 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3)

    S. Wang, X. Wu, L. Yuan, C. Zhang, X. Cui and D. Lu, CrystEngComm, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CE00421H

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