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A novel electrochemical aptamer–antibody sandwich assay for the detection of tau-381 in human serum

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Abstract

Tau protein plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the assay to detect low concentrations of tau protein is a great challenge for the early diagnosis of AD. We will outline a novel aptamer–antibody sandwich assay based on an electrochemical biosensor for the detection of tau-381 in human serum. To improve the detection sensitivity, the aptamer–antibody sandwich assay for the detection of tau-381 was developed by using a tau antibody (anti-tau) and an aptamer specific to tau-381 as the recognition element and cysteamine-stabilized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) for signal amplification. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was employed to record the signal response of tau-381 with different concentrations. The tau-381 concentration ranged from 0.5 pM to 100 pM. The responses of DPV measurements showed excellent results in this dynamic range. This simple, rapid, highly sensitive and specific assay gave a low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.42 pM for tau-381. The feasibility and reliability of the assay were verified by testing tau-381 in human serum from patients with AD. Thus, this method could prove valuable in diagnosing AD within the early stages of the disease.

Graphical abstract: A novel electrochemical aptamer–antibody sandwich assay for the detection of tau-381 in human serum

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Mar 2018, accepted on 29 Jun 2018 and first published on 02 Jul 2018


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00527C
Citation: Analyst, 2018, Advance Article
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    A novel electrochemical aptamer–antibody sandwich assay for the detection of tau-381 in human serum

    B. Shui, D. Tao, J. Cheng, Y. Mei, N. Jaffrezic-Renault and Z. Guo, Analyst, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8AN00527C

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