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Metal-Support Interactions in Catalysts for Environmental Remediation

Abstract

Catalytic decomposition of organic air pollutants is attractive in environmental remediation but challenging because such reactions must take place at ambient temperature. To achieve sufficient catalytic activity at these conditions, the size, morphology and electric state of catalysts are critical. In particular, the interaction between noble metal and their ceramic supports is crucial for these catalysts. We herein elucidate the significance of strong metal-support interactions (SMSIs) and strong oxide-support interactions (SOSIs) in such catalysts. The SMSIs lead to embedded metal nanoparticles into ceramic supports hindering metal particle growth. For example, SMSIs in Pt-TiO2 formed by NaBH4 reduction at room temperature allows to stabilize Pt clusters of 1-2 nm in diameter. On the other hand, SMSIs in Ag-TiO2 composites form crystalline TiOx (x < 2) that is a highly active photocatalyst under the full range of visible light (400–800 nm). Furthermore, such embedded structures could enhance visible light absorption by plasmonic materials. The SOSIs take place between metals and supports through oxygen ligands forming their hetero-bimetallic structure (e.g. Cu-O-Ti). This enables visible-light absorption and facilitates the transfer of photo-excited electrons to the co-catalysts (e.g. TiO2 to Cu) resulting in superior visible-light activity with quantum yield over 50%. Also, such interactions allow to stabilize small metal clusters and even single atoms on the supports to significantly facilitate the catalytic oxidation of pollutants at ambient temperature. For example, single Pd atoms on TiO2 increase it photocatalytic NOx removal by 9 times while only doubling its cost.

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jul 2017, accepted on 08 Sep 2017 and first published on 12 Sep 2017


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00678K
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Metal-Support Interactions in Catalysts for Environmental Remediation

    K. Fujiwara, K. Okuyama and S. E. Pratsinis, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00678K

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